In this post, I will describe success factors and inhibitors for self service IT. I will evaluate how the impact of each factor might be. There are three possibilities: high, medium and low.
The first table will display the success factors:
|Process Knowledge||Self Service IT involves a lot of automation. Automation is not only done in terms of technology automation but also for processes. Therefore, it is necessary to be informed about processes in place within the enterprise. If the IT department is not aware of processes within the enterprise, knowledge about processes should be established, which involves time the employees have to invest. This is also associated with costs.||Medium|
|Integrated Platform||Users should easily adopt the platform and should get what they are already used to. This means that the platform should be integrated into existing services. This will significantly drive up the speed how users accept the new platform.||High|
|Work with the Users||It is especially necessary to work with the end users that are targeted to use the platform. This is an important way to find out what the users really need. Because the users eventually have to use the platform and if they don’t accept it, the platform might fail.||High|
|Internal Service Charges||Self Service IT Platforms are built with internal service charges. This has a great benefit to the enterprise since managers can see costs where they actually occur. The IT department might even be cost-neutral instead of expensing money. Top Level managers can have quick reports about the IT usage and costs of each department such as marketing or finance. On a self Service platform, departments only pay for what they need and the costs are accounted to the department itself.||High|
|Change management||A distinctive process for Change management helps the enterprise to introduce new platforms such as a self Service IT platform. This also includes not only implementation but also training.||Medium|
In the next table, I will describe inhibitors for self service IT:
|No Process Orientation||Processes are important aspects for self Service IT implementations. Automation often requires processes that show the path to the automation. If the company has no process orientation in place, the entire corporate organization might need some distinct changes. This is a significant problem for self Service IT Platforms.||High|
|Lack of IT awareness||Providing self Service IT also means that users have more responsibility. More responsibility leads to more knowledge users need to have about technology and the platforms. Especially in IT, we see some sort of age gap (Deal 2007), where young people learn IT-related topics faster and old people have problems. This could broaden the gap, if the platform is not easy to understand by all users.||Medium|
|Lack of IT acceptance in the enterprise||To implement self Service IT platforms, the IT department should play an important role in the enterprise. The IT manager (CIO) should probably also be integrated in the Board or extended Board to have access to enterprise decisions and strategies. If the IT department only plays a supportive role instead of a strategic role, it might be hard to cooperate across different departments and processes.||Medium|
|A “one size fits all” approach||Users in an enterprise are different and so is their knowledge. Some users might be will trained in IT, others not. Delivering a standard tool that all users in an enterprise have to use will affect the adoption of the system in a negative way. Unskilled users will have to call the IT support more often, which will create costs. Therefore, it is important to built self Service platforms specific to the needs of different user groups.||Medium|
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